Modern art or “classical modernism“ begins with the 20th century. Modern art contains still the realistic figurative representation but also its rejection up to total abstraction. It is characterized by artistic experimentation and the rejection of the traditional use of colours and forms. The classical modernism includes different art styles as expressionism, cubismus or “New objectivity“.
Genre paintings in the closer sense depict everyday scenes of rural, bourgeois or courtly life. Here the term Genre is extended to all areas of human life. The early Genre paintings represent their motifs realistically, however oftentimes the image contents are to be understood as allegories, sometimes even as moralising artworks either praising idylls or denouncing human misconduct. Later in the 19th century the realistic component was brought again to the fore.