Whenever the term Impressionism is mentioned, thoughts
immediately turn to Claude Monet. Like no other he shaped and
influenced this bright style of painting with its positive attitude
Born on November 14th, 1840 in Paris, he commenced his artistic
career as a caricaturist and landscape painter. In 1862 he met
Auguste Renoir, Frederic Bazille, and Alfred Sisley, with whom he
devoted himself to painting in the open country.
Influenced by John Constable, and in particular the later works of
William Turner, he became a pioneer of outdoor painting from
1871. The term Impressionism, initially used as a term of mockery
by critics, originated from his naval painting "Impression, soleil
levant", exhibited in 1874.
In his spacious property with a country-house and Japanese-style
gardens in Giverny near Paris, he laid out a pond of water lilies in
1899, that from then on became the only motif of his paintings
until his death in December 1926. The perception of nature and its
changes of colour through the effects of daylight was the decisive
phenomenon in the composition of his works.