Together with Wassily Kandinsky, the Munich
graphic artist and painter Franz Marc established in
1911 the Munich group of artists called "The Blue
Rider", which, along with Dresden's artistic group
"The Bridge", was among the most influential
movements in German Expressionism.
Just like it was for his colleague August Macke, the
encounter with French Fauvism became a
dominant stylistic influence in his work after 1907.
From 1910 on Marc created via contact with Macke
and Kandinsky an expressive style that tended
towards highly symbolic colours and crystalline form
structures in which he mostly portrayed animals
living in harmony with nature. A visionary of the
abstract, his works from 1914 onwards contained
a mixture of colours and structures of animals the
way he saw them in nature, that often leaves
representationalism behind. The emerging World
War I was heralded in his paintings through
increasingly apocalyptic forms ("Fighting Forms",
1914), whereby the image of the innocent animal
fell by the wayside.
Born on February 8th, 1880 in Munich, Franz
Marc did not survive his "Education at Verdun"
(Arnold Zweig). He died on March 4th, 1916 in the
shell craters near Verdun.