Pablo Picasso, graphic artist sculptor and ceramic artist, born on 25th
October 1881 in Malaga, initiated a series of styles like no other artistic
After attending the School of Art in Barcelona and the Academia San
Fernandio in Madrid, he moved to Paris in 1904. His Blue Period emerged
from 1901, prior to his move, as a first individual figurative style,
the so-called Rose Period by 1908. The most important landmark in his
work, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon in 1906/07, heralded Analytical Cubism
and, with it, he radically revolutionized artistic perception. From 1912,
phase of Synthetic Cubism followed, after an objective 'classic' expression
which took on the characteristics of Surrealism in 1925. The culmination of
his work is considered to be "Guernica", reflecting events in the Spanish
war, that was commissioned for the 1937 World Exposition in Paris.
After the Second World War, Picasso experimented with new techniques
and themes. Lithography and ceramics, the latter produced from 1947 in
Vallauris near Cannes, initially dominated his work. His mature late works
appeared in the fifties with simplified curved lines and contours and
developed, in some cases with a cheerful parody and portraits of women,
in the sixties into a serene classicism.
Picasso died on 8 April 1973 in Mougins near Cannes. He left behind him
an extensive collection of works that is one of the most vital and
artistic creations of modernity and was used to establish a Picasso Museum
both in Paris and in Barcelona.